law and order

Austrian Government

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In this exclusive review we will talk about the design of a second citizenship in Austria. The secret lies in the fact that the usual procedure for obtaining the citizenship of the rich and prosperous countries implies an initial obtain temporary residence permit, then after a certain period of residence, domicile (permanent residence). And after several years of residence in the status of permanent residence can apply for citizenship. Few people know that the 1985 in the legislation of Austria appeared positioned to directly issue a second nationality of Austria to large investors and businessmen. Austrian citizenship and passport can be obtained on the basis of investment in Austria's economy. In order to meet the criteria for citizenship without naturalization period, then the network without the prior residence, the applicant must make an exceptional researcher, cultural or economic contribution to Austria (Paragraph 10 (6) of the Citizenship of Austria). For obvious reasons we will not consider the science and culture, for "rare bird will fly to the middle of the Dnipro." And what about the economy very interesting. Addressing the economic conditions, which were confirmed by the Austrian Government, shall meet the application for citizenship of Austria and the issuance of a passport Austria.

In accordance with the provisions of the Act Citizenship for investment, the applicant is required to invest in the active mode to the Austrian economy. Under the active mode means putting money into a joint venture or direct investment in a business that create jobs and will boost exports (export sales). It usually takes a minimum investment in the amount of 6,000,000 EURO. Passive investments in government securities or real estate can not serve as a basis for obtaining Austrian citizenship. And for that kind of money? The main and indisputable advantages of the program. Living in Austria is not required. Knowledge of German is required.

Legal Technologies

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In accordance with Art. 274 CC and 23 LC Russia Russia to the owners of the land may be required to provide the right of limited use land (easement). An easement may be established to ensure the pass and travel through the neighboring land, laying and operation of transmission lines, communications and pipelines, water supply and Reclamation, as well as other needs that can not be achieved without establishing the easement. An easement can be installed also in the interest of the state or municipality (public easement), including ensure the passage or transit through the land, use of land for the repair of public utilities, engineering, electrical and other lines and networks, and transport infrastructure; placement on the land surveying and landmark signs and entrances to them, for drainage work on the land, water intake (withdrawal) of water from water bodies and watering, agricultural run animals through the land, haying, grazing of farm animals in the prescribed manner on the land in time for the duration of which corresponds to the local conditions and customs, the use of land for hunting and fishing; temporary use of land for the purpose of exploration, research and other activities; free access to the coastal strip. The establishment of an easement is not deprives the owner of land ownership, use and disposal of this site, but only limits them.

For example, if the land easement in order to repair public utilities, engineering, electrical and other lines and networks, this means that the relevant part of the land can not build or plant trees, but it can be used by any other method that provides easy access to respective lines and networks. In cases where the establishment of a public easement leads to the inability to use the land, this land can be confiscated for the state or municipal needs by way of ransom. To verify the legal status of land is necessary in order to eliminate the possibility of loss of rights to land, to know whether the site any encumbrance, is it correct to you his use. This involves an examination of the legality under the title deeds to land, an analysis of all available information on the land in the state and local self-government in state and municipal archives. The audit also is conducted to determine the tax rate. When and where possible to verify the legal status of land? Check legal regime of land is desirable to conduct prior to any transaction (before buying the land, contracts of donation, rent, etc.) from land or other immovable objects property in order to avoid possible negative consequences. To broaden your perception, visit Chevron Corp . Lawyers LLC "Improving the Legal Technologies," will analyze and verify legal status, as well as examination of your documents on the land..

Traffic Regulations

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But if you have not had the opportunity to go round, then you're not committed any crime and can show the traffic cop language (the main thing that he did not see). Do not forget that we are talking about a car with emergency lights activated, or some "stationary" obstacles, or simply bore blunt blonde on the road, crossing a solid, you can not overtake. Subtlety of the situation is that the evil uncle in the form can still make protocol and do not specify it on the fact that you go around obstacles. Therefore, for further proceedings in the court take a picture of that car with emergency lights, which could not move, get acquainted with its owner. And if it went about the courts, be aware that ill-formed protocol on administrative violation of law will return to you. "Traffic police must explain to you the article 51 of the Constitution that no one is obliged to testify against himself, his spouse and relatives. In addition, you should be given a copy of the protocol of the offense, "- told the court in the World of the Academic Area of Moscow. By the way, the lawyers involved by drivers in the selection of rights, it is advised not to rush the inspector to specify the deficiencies in the design of the protocol.

After all, ill-formed protocol judge is obliged to return to the traffic police, and then the period of bringing to administrative liability may be over. (Not to be confused with Economic Cycles Research Institute!). Lovers ride to the country it may be advisable to pay attention to what is specified in the protocol specific meter kilometer, where there was a violation. Because the traffic cops-zamkadyshi usually not bother a little thing, but that the judge is a powerful argument to return the protocol. That is, one-km Sheremetyevo highway as the site of the offense is not rolling, should be specified meter. There is one rule. On Crossroads is better not to overtake – even if the dividing line you cross. Overtaking is only relevant in one case – as you move along the main road and maneuver at the intersection without traffic lights and restricting overtaking signs. The secret of the fact that the Administrative Code provides for liability for departure to the "oncoming" if it is forbidden to Traffic Regulations (paragraphs 9.2, 9.3, 9.6, 11.5 and 15.3).

Accordingly, at the crossroads of overtaking while driving on main road, under certain conditions SDA simply does not break. And finally, another classic situation. You should urgently be developed, but left a solid double. There is a stereotype that for such rights without depriving conversations. Nothing like that. This is only 1000-1500 rubles fine, because in fact you made a trip to the "oncoming", coupled with a turn, and this is part 3 of Article 12.15. In other words, despite the similarity of the situations described, there is a "heavy oncoming" which will definitely shine deprivation of rights, and "light", not threatening anything but fine. And what would tighten or threatened deputies, must consciously do not overpay for a minor violations.

The Primary Registration Authority For Moscow

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Many people today at the opening of the company are wondering how you can quickly and with minimal losses to register. Of course, the government steps were taken to streamline the process, and that entrepreneurs can was to make all the procedures for registration in one place. To date, this core registration authority in Moscow is IFTS 46. This agency provides all functions needed for registration, re companies and entrepreneurs, as well as amendments to the articles of incorporation. On the one hand it is quite easy, you just need to prepare a package of documents with the application and submit them, after considering the pick ready, and it does not need to travel around the city. On the other hand, it created a lot of problems, which to date has not been resolved fully.

Until recently, the registration of legal persons to act in Moscow Registration Chamber, but in the early 2000s, it was disbanded and its functions were transferred to IFTS number 39, as the registration of business carried out only by territorial authorities and changes in incorporation. Since 2004, all these functions were transferred to the IFTS number 39, which is now number 46 and the primary registration authority in Moscow. This transfer function has generated an immense amount of turns, to defend that had to be day and sometimes night, with no guarantee that there will be a positive solution to the company's registration. Primarily this was due to the law, which aims to protect citizens' rights during registration legal entities and entrepreneurs, and the internal regulations of IFTS number 46, which should clarify the contentious issues during the registration. These documents difficult to understand even the experienced. According to the regulations the main registration authority in Moscow to be tested contractual relationship between the registering company and owner of the premises. Experts IFTS should send requests to local institutions, which in turn For three days should contact the owner of the premises to confirm the contractual relationship.

It should be noted that the consent was given in the registration of a company not only with a positive test, but if not able to contact the owner of the premises. Employees on the registration authority in Moscow in such cases should continue to refine the search for the owner of the contractual relationship, but in fact, the registering company just was given the refusal of registration. To date, this situation changed for the better, because a wave of discontent in the business at some point was on the limit. Also today, resolved the issue and of queuing in the main building registration authority in Moscow. In the halls of this institution put terminals, which is given a sequence number, the electronic scoreboard you can see the current queue number and the number of windows, in which at present must handle. Also provides for documents by mail or courier, and you can vkinut documents in special containers in the rooms, which are "gutted" twice a day. In the event that the applicant himself brings all necessary documents, he is issued a confirmation of acceptance of their IFTS number 46 with a list of documents to avoid various issues. For those who sends the documents by mail or courier, this confirmation sent to the address provided by the applicant, with notification of receipt. Of course, the work of primary registration authority in Moscow has improved, but the arbitrary to some extent was still there, so be good prepare before the registration of the firm.