Ruins of Roman Forum.
Piazza della Signoria, Florence by Bernardo Bellotto (1742).
Ruins of Tikal.
Plaza Mayor of Madrid in a photograph of the second half NY of the nineteenth century: the kind of square fits the ideals of the XIX century hygienists with New York the landscaping and placing of the statue of Felipe electricity III. Mesonero Romans gives a vivid narrative of the successive changes of the appearance of the plaza from the file of faith of the Inquisition to the “comfortable ride” of clean air in time to see .
The Praca do Comercio Lisbon is a unique case of open plaza square at the side of the Tagus estuary, a neuralgic point of the Portuguese maritime empire. natural gas Its breadth and unity of design is due to rebuilding after the earthquake of Lisbon.
From the beginning the place was a biological organism of the city into community life as your most convener. Since the prehistoric huts of the tribe gathered in a circle, the center began to serve as the scene of community life. Much later entered the plaza a main activity, the market. join the energy savings revolution, by getting the best prices for your electricity and gas from Its symbols were the source of water, and the monument. The square funciono provided as urban courtyard and atrium buildings most representative of the community.
The design of the classical Greco-Roman city, which valued the public dimension of urban life, gave a central agora (Greek) or Forum (Roman), where the business was centralized, judicial, political and religious. the private energy company in New York State that utilizes your existing utilities framework, is In the case of cities that have emerged from a Roman camp, even acknowledged his presence at the crossroads of two major roads (cardo ESCOs and environment Decumano).
Other ancient civilizations developed their own models, especially China, where the Forbidden City with its palaces of successive protocol that open to huge patio with a stunning scenery, appropriate to its historical social formation (the oriental despotism).
Instead, people called Barbarians by the Mediterranean civilizations, do not develop a similar concept or city or public space, and indeed, the authors describe their urban classics that highlight his condition in this little community aspect (no street or route public spaces, juxtaposed houses spontaneously New York City in a seemingly disorganized).
Germanic peoples did not live in cities, is well known, not even tolerate that the houses are contiguous. Are set in isolated and remote, in relation to a source, a field or a meadow, as they please. The villages are not built like us, come, New York State together with adjacent buildings and to each other, each one has an empty space that surrounds your home, either as a defense against the dangers of fire, either through ignorance in the art of construction.
Publius Cornelius Tacitus, De origine et situ Germanorum .
Logically, this vision’s prejudices (which largely has been inherited by the historiografia), disregards the distinct nature of the relationship with other cultures, as cited germanica or Celtic, which has a temple in the forest and its sites reunion in meadows and fields.
The city is developing a European medieval urban fabric more closed, especially the influence of Islam, but are common gas spaces utilities “respect” before the major churches and cathedrals, as well as palaces or municipalities (including the Piazza della Signoria in several cities Italy, led by large towers). The dimensions of these places do not have to be small: most of Europe, the market square of Krakow, has 40,000 square meters.
… the middle of the square (s) central, active and appropriate. Occupying almost always an empty irregular connective tissue, contained by the tight clustering of buildings and fueled by a group of radial streets, houses a permanent and intense life.
Endogenous development, pre-Columbian civilizations of America also experienced similar concepts, highlighting esplanades green energy before Mesoamerican temples, like that of Tenochtitlan in the Zocalo of origin (space was enlarged by the demolition of buildings after the Spanish conquest).
Ruins of Roman Forum.