philosophy

The Logic

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We would not have wasters 2500 years more than But we would have reached the other side of the abyss? Not! This is platonic excessively, is religious, excessively too much human, as in Nietzsche would say to them. Ralphs addresses the importance of the matter here. For desperation of the unsafe ones, to be are always a risk, to lose themselves in the abyss to meet in another one abyss. So more comforting it is the idea of Parmnides of the immovable being (perpetual being only e)! from surpassing for conjecturas of a god onipotente and onisciente there that it protects in them. Parmnides, the father of the abandoned ones? It is enough to affirm resoluto exactly, based on the principles of the Logical human being (that this contradicts all the directions. However, of that they ahead serve the directions of the magnificent and sovereign Logic human being): ' ' what you say is contradictory! ' ' Ufa, the Logic saved in them! The Logic of this species that does not pass of lowermost and rarefied poeirinha cosmic, let us remember. Therefore he is obvious to affirm the contradiction of the sentence: ' ' we are and not somos' '. It is obvious and evident.

After all: ' ' the being is; not-to be not ' '. Evident for prodigious and estultssima wisdom human being. So evident how much cartesian Cogito. However, ' ' I think, then existo' '. from there to derive that it is trustworthy mine to think. that I am it owner of mine to think. All the insane people and paranicos they have certainty of its deliriums. Before the abyss, it would not be better to be delirious? Before the obvious one, it would not be better to believe? if we interrogated: for the capacity of thinking of a so fragile species, it would not be difficult excessively to support the contradiction of the Logic? He would not be painful excessively? To assume that evident it human being he can be so simplrio for a perspective beyond-do-human being how much to the evidences that an earthworm when digging has its hole.

New Cultural Freedom

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It still corroborates, in the same workmanship, with the information of that the man chooses the proper future, as well as the future of others men, therefore, the necessity to take care of of the proper choices. Get all the facts for a more clear viewpoint with Banc of America Mortgage Capital. ‘ ‘ The future of all the men: they construiram it with its proper hands, slowly, during anos.’ ‘ (Sartre, 1960, P. 20) the problem of the search of the certainty, for the existencialismo is that nothing nor nobody supplies to the man an exterior certainty. The man is a solitary, responsible being for the proper attitudes, nothing can give a certainty where to believe, to follow, to search. For this lack of certainty, of this uncertainty, this desperation for the responsibilities all, in this Sartre workmanship associates the absolute freedom to the death, only to the death: ‘ ‘ The death, this liberdade.’ ‘ (Sartre, 1968, P. 147). The life, according to Sartre, in a generalized manner, does not have optimistical messages, of lullaby. (As opposed to Lazard).

This if can perceive in the citation that if follows: ‘ ‘ Is this the freedom? I am free: already it does not remain me no reason to live; all the ones that I tried had yielded, and already I cannot imagine others (…). I am alone in this white street, embroidered for gardens. And it only exempts. But this freedom is looked like a little with morte.’ ‘ (Sartre, 1986, P. 97) Where, according to author, the increased freedom of the solitude looks like itself the death.

It can be remembered here that, for Sartre, in we only perceive livings creature to them for the look of the other, and that, therefore, being alone, this type of recognition would not be possible, of the proper life. Then, the freedom, added to the solitude, would not leave to look like itself the death.

Plato

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The young must take care of very well of the bodies, to develop itself and to acquire virility, therefore they must serve the philosophy, also politics and the war. Our philosopher still places the learning of raised sciences more. Being these (former.: astronomy and geometry) contributing for the rise of thinking of the philosopher. A trip stops beyond the sensible things, a trip for the intelligible one. All fact for the understanding of the dialectic, the study most difficult according to Plato. An ascending dialectic and after the descendant. The philosopher tends to understand it very well. As reflection, let us take ' ' Alegoria of the Caverna' ' described in book VII of the Republic.

Following this, we go for steps illustrating a dialectic in form of practical. E, from this reflection, to incline on the solitary return made by the philosopher to the cave. A philosophical conversion, as it would place Bornheim (1929-2002), where has the necessity almost and violent obligation of a return for the reality. This argument made for Scrates/Plato on the resume of the philosopher, the importance of the allied education the power ( union of Homero with Hesodo), is the focus of the work for the formation of the King-philosopher. Let us take this King-philosopher as fruit of this resume. Cut as a statue Greek in ratio and details for the governncia of the State, the good and the happiness. We find in Plato an aristocracy. It would be an aristocracy she-ass? In Plato we do not have this, but a ideal-utopian one, an ideal and not real not-place. Perhaps never real, as the proper Plato proved while still alive.

The Teceles

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With the arrival of the plant, the same one produced a meter of fabric in only one hour. Soon, its merchandise was cheaper, taking the teceles the bankruptcy, and these, in turn, would turn cheap man power in the industries, giving more profit to the capitalist. Let us be with the clear affirmation: ' ' The values of the merchandises are in the direct reason of the time of inverted work in its production and the inverse reason of the productive forces of trabalho' ' (they ibidem; p78) In this point the reasoning of Marx was come across with the following question: from where came exactly the profit? If a merchandise is vendida by its value. e, this value are determined, as we saw, by the time of work necessary to produce the merchandise: then, the value of the work force is determined by the necessary time to its conservation and reproduction, that is, ' ' for the value of articles of first necessity demanded to produce, to develop, to keep and to perpetuate the force of trabalho.' ' Pparently, all the work force that the laborer expended is remunerated by the master to the end of one week, for example. But this is a deceptive appearance, therefore the capitalist, when buying the work force, starts to have right to serve itself of it making it to function all during the day, successively.

E is necessary here to understand that the value of the work force is completely distinct of its functioning. In the pages that follow, that is, of page 80 until half of the page 94, Marx will deal with the work force while merchandise, as well as of the more-value, the part not remunerated of the merchandise. He follows important citation, ' ' The value of the work force if determines for the amount of necessary work for its conservation, or reproduction, but the use of this force alone is limited by the vital energy and the physical force of the laborer.

Aristotle

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Aristotle would have observed that in this reply 03 causes had been only pointed. The material cause, that is the fact of the one of vapor d? water in question to be there exactly in the hour where the cloud it cooled; the formal cause, that is the fact of being inherent to ' ' forma' ' of the water to fall in the soil and the efficient cause, that is the fact of the water vapor to cool. Aristotle would have added that it rains because the plants and animals need water of rain. To this it calls final cause or purpose. It believed that for backwards of everything in the nature he had an intention. 6. Logic the wise one looks to the pain absence and not it pleasure Aristotle the difference between ' ' forma' ' substncia' ' also it was very important when Aristotle described the man in the world.

When we recognize the things, us we command in different groups or categories. For example, we today see a rabbit, another one tomorrow and another one after tomorrow. The rabbits are not accurately equal, but it has some thing that is common to all the rabbits. this thing that is common to all the rabbits and ' ' forma' ' of the rabbit. Everything that is distinctive or individual belongs ' ' substncia' ' of the rabbit. Soon, we go recognizing and commanding the things for the world, we place the rabbits in the fishery, the horses in the stable the plants in varanda and the pigs in the chiqueiro.

The same it occurs in our conscience: we establish the difference between things that are made of rock, things woollen and adobe things. We distinguish alive things from things deceased, and plants of human beings. Aristotle wanted to show that all the things of the nature belong to the groups and sub-groups.

Governors

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It starts saying that she is not for the members of the house of representatives to feel itself constrangidos ahead of the comparison of the wage of it, teacher, with the wage of them, members of the house of representatives. them question if they would obtain ' ' to survive and to keep the standard of living, with this salrio' ' (that in the case of it is of 930 Reals). This already would only be one ' ' it covers in cara' ' of all those that arrotam speeches on the importance of the educational process, in our country. The teacher goes beyond. She says that ' ' who only is in classroom can speak with property on this. It are this, any consideration that is made is for masking a truth that is visible for everybody: the fact of that in no government, no moment, our city, in our state or of our country, the education was one prioridade' '. The veracity of its affirmation can be proven aspects among others, for the low paid wages to the professors, for the low levels of aprendisagem of the pupils, baixssimos for them resulted gotten for our country in ranques world-wide. Therefore and it teacher is not covered of reason.

Mayors, governors and presidents, passing for the councilmen, members of the house of representatives and senators, only have with priority education as something in its eleitoreiros speeches. It are issso is alone talks line. Is inapropriada colloquy, as it affirmed the teacher, therefore only says with property who is of the side of inside: who only is in classroom! Therefore the teacher considers as one absusdo? therefore in fact she is this same? the fact of the authorities to be banalizando the pertaining to school process. E, what it is worse, they want that the professors save the country, save the education, save the children and young and are not alone the authorities.

Magistro

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The Theology until then considered the soul spiritual as being separate of the sensitive soul and the vegetative one. Toms defended the thesis of that the soul of the man is joins, and mainly, it is only responsible for all its acts, the man is the only owner of its proper choices, and possesss a natural illumination, that consists of ' ' natural light of razo' ' , light this that was given in them of an only time for God. In Toms de Aquino, its workmanship is observed in all the presence of ' ' quaestio disputatas' ' , mainly, its concern in presenting the thought adversary ' ' ipis litteris' ' , without no alteration in the direction, without devagaes, it is seen exposition of a thought such which it is. Toms is always locating its thought in opposition to the dominant doctrines of the time, and how much the workmanship ' ' Of Magistro' ' , this could not be different, has since this workmanship not backwards only philosophical conceptions on the Philosophy of the Education, but brings new ideas what mainly he was defended until then. Ahead of this, it is of extreme importance the use of ' ' quaestio disputatas' ' , not so that ' ' aluno' ' if it tires, but so that this really it understands what it is wanted to say. The main idea proposal for Toms is that the man possesss one ' ' alma' ' that she is the representative of the beginning of the life, therefore is part of the substantial composition of the livings creature, that is, is the powers that the soul possesss that they make with that the man can or not play definitive function, whose requirements are inherent to its soul. It is through it that one plays the functions, with peculiar characteristics closely related to the college of the vegetative life.

Cultrix Publishing

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This sales of the one image ‘ ‘ world perfeito’ ‘ it can be seen as one of the forms that the media confers sensible in the modern disenchanted world of Weber. Devoid of other values that they supply sensible and they guide its lives, thousands of people if become attached to the values of consumption as the way for the happiness and it welfare. It stops these people, the happiness standard starts to be conditional to ‘ ‘ ter’ ‘. ‘ ‘ An advertising not vende products nor ideas, but a model counterfeited and hipntico of the happiness. This idle and pleasant ambincia is not nothing more than what the pleasure of living norms according to idealized of the rich consumers (…) the advertising offers to our desires a universe to subliminar that insinuates that youth, the health, the virility, as well as the feminilidade, depends on what we buy. ‘ ‘ (TOSCANI, 1996, p.27 and p.28) It is possible to notice that the advertising looks for to vender, in diverse ways, proper ‘ ‘ felicidade’ ‘. Either in the propaganda of the cream that the woman makes to rejuvenescer 10 years in one week, in the one of the car that most makes the pretty man to be succeeded and or in the one of the apartment that brings harmony for all the family who in it lives.

E, in a devoid world of directions, times of ‘ ‘ economic crisis and espiritual’ ‘ (TOSCANI, 1996, p.28) the search for the product happiness becomes it reason of living of many people. these people, already devoid of direction, of affection and values finishes arriving at the conclusion of that never they will arrive to live of the form that the advertising nails. The effect of this is devastador: to each day that pass increase the depression cases, bulimia anorexy/and syndrome of the panic. We can say that the media advertising executive is today also responsible for a problem that arrives to affect the public health, what it points with respect to the dimension of its social function and its ‘ ‘ poder’ ‘.