With the introduction of market relations in Russia was born on need and, as such services as third-party evaluation of the enterprise to identify opportunities to optimize activity. These estimates are produced in the economy and and environment and energy. Thus, we define the concept of 'energy audit'. The terms, key concepts and directions are indicated at the legislative level, in particular Article 10 of the Federal Law of April 3, 1996 28-FZ 'On Energy Savings ':' Energy surveys are conducted to assess the efficient use of energy resources and reduce costs for consumers in fuel and energy …'. In other words, an energy audit is a technical-economic survey of energy use within the organization to identify opportunities for cost reduction in consumable energy resources, as well as technological development, organizational and economic measures to help organizations save energy and material resources. The actual savings obtained in the process of identifying and eliminating energy loss, the use of more efficient schemes and processes, monitoring the effectiveness of energy use.
Thus, the energy audit has the following objectives: finding sources of energy loss, the establishment of measures to eliminate them, creating a system of energy saving and efficient consumption in the future. Depending on the amount of work carried out during the energy audit, allocate such of his species: 1. 'Quick energy audit' in result of which is assessment of the potential energy saving and energy saving recommendations, 2. 'Full primary energy audit' is carried out with a more detailed assessment of the potential energy savings, according to the results oprelelyaetsya program of energy conservation and energy Passport energy audit is more repetitive, pre-project, etc. So why is it important to do an energy audit? Statistics on this issue is this: when conducting energy audits of the primary developed program, which gives, as a rule, about 10% energy saving. In addition an energy audit seeks such goals as developing an independent assessment state energy, energy efficiency programs and to obtain lower costs for energy, improving energy security.