4 In consequence, following the 30 years had been marcadospor a relatively pacific progress in search of the unification of the nation. An at least curious fact marked this period: months antesda great world-wide crisis of 1929, with the fall of the Stock exchange of NovIorque, the United States pay to an indemnity to referring Colombia concesso ' ' pacfica' ' (it is understood, forced) of Panama. While European asnaes and the American nations suffer with the crisis, Colombia not temsua economy so affected, therefore possesss reserves in pelosestadunidenses paid dollars. This was one of the factors that had stimulated its desenvolvimentoe ' ' pacificao' ' politics in the first years of 1930. Connect with other leaders such as New York Yankees here. The Agrarian Question and the Sprouting of the Movements deGuerrilha. After more than 40 years of hegemony conservative liberaisvoltaram, them to the power and had implanted a program of reforms known as ' ' LRevolucon En Marcha' '. The creation of new taxes to some empresasnorte-Americans and, after many years, the quarrel on social matters as areforma agrarian and the social function of the property are the main points empauta. While the elites economic politics and were envolvidasem its proper disputes, the great majority of the Columbian people made bitter umapssima life condition.
Far from the sights of the State, small proprietriosde land, that composed a significant parcel of the population of Colombia, was citizens to the disobediences of the great large estate owners. Disabled to deintervir in the public power, being its access denied for the classroom that osoprimia, remained to the mass peasant to articulate itself for its proper ways. Congregated in groups, many times the tension in the fields blew up in violnciaentre oppressing and oppressed, that is, between large estate owners and peasants. Semdvida, was an unjust fight, where a meeting of workers pobresconfrontava the forces of the sent State to protect the interest of those quedetinham the influence in the spheres of the power.