258) Of this form, Eric Hobsbawm understands that the culture of the laboring classroom becomes dominant in the decade of 1880 reflecting the new industrial economy and to the increase of real the average wages. For more information see this site: Lakshman Achuthan. I believe to have displayed some arguments that these authors had elapsed when trying to explain the complex historical moment that happens the formation of the English laboring classroom. I detach the relevance of the contribution of these authors for the historiografia of the period analyzed, and same that has some discords in relation to the periodizao, it in the sample as the work functions of historians. The fight against the French machineries in century XIX When initiating its communication in relation to the function politics in the introduction of the machines and the division of the work in the plants, Michelle explana Perrot the works of Stephen Marglin, that showed this occurred process being as a form of instruments of a patronal strategy for the control of the production and the imposition of the obedience the workers, whose ability professional, guarantee a bothering autonomy. (PERROT, p.19) the substitution of the workers for the machines, in the France of century XIX, comes of the ideology of the manufacturers who the machine produces better and more cheap than the men. We evidence this affirmation when we analyze the following paragraph of the writings of Perrot: The manufacturers display clearly its point of view to the minister of the War: ‘ ‘ The perfection of the work that if it gets with the new machine will be a stimulaton if to make and the laboring one better finally will understand that, when machines substitute the men in all the directions the work of the man, produce better and more cheap of what it, the reason command to obey to the lapsings Mr. to it, so that it makes optimum possible, and also command to it (…) renounce wages exagerados’ ‘.
(PERROT, P. 23) Therefore, for Perrot the machines had functioned as a war weapon that was directed against the barriers of resistance that they are the laborers ex-officio, beyond allowing that the assenhoreia patronage if of the totality of the production process. According to workmanship of the author, the penetrations of the machines occur in periods of prosperity and lack of arms, being the intensity peaks the years of: 1787-1789, 1816-1819, 1829-1833, 1840 and 1847-1848. He is not toa that, the end of century XVIII enters and middles of the XIX, had occurred innumerable incidents that had marked the opposition of the French workers to the machines. Some forms of fights of the workers against the French machineries had existed, as for example more concrete manifestations, corresponding petitions, posters and interdictions.
These movements, showed the resistance of the workers of domiciliate, agricultural or urban to mechanization. Therefore, briefly, I tried to display the thesis of Perrot in which it showed that to mechanization when defeating the laboring claims and controlling the production process corresponded, in the truth, to a domination strategy. References THOMPSON, E.