The Theology until then considered the soul spiritual as being separate of the sensitive soul and the vegetative one. Toms defended the thesis of that the soul of the man is joins, and mainly, it is only responsible for all its acts, the man is the only owner of its proper choices, and possesss a natural illumination, that consists of ' ' natural light of razo' ' , light this that was given in them of an only time for God. In Toms de Aquino, its workmanship is observed in all the presence of ' ' quaestio disputatas' ' , mainly, its concern in presenting the thought adversary ' ' ipis litteris' ' , without no alteration in the direction, without devagaes, it is seen exposition of a thought such which it is. Toms is always locating its thought in opposition to the dominant doctrines of the time, and how much the workmanship ' ' Of Magistro' ' , this could not be different, has since this workmanship not backwards only philosophical conceptions on the Philosophy of the Education, but brings new ideas what mainly he was defended until then. Ahead of this, it is of extreme importance the use of ' ' quaestio disputatas' ' , not so that ' ' aluno' ' if it tires, but so that this really it understands what it is wanted to say. The main idea proposal for Toms is that the man possesss one ' ' alma' ' that she is the representative of the beginning of the life, therefore is part of the substantial composition of the livings creature, that is, is the powers that the soul possesss that they make with that the man can or not play definitive function, whose requirements are inherent to its soul. It is through it that one plays the functions, with peculiar characteristics closely related to the college of the vegetative life.