Origin of history the ergonomics industry ergonomics is a relatively modern science, applied to the labour and industrial field dating to 1949 when Murrel in England, created the term ergonomics, coined from the Greek root ergon: work and nomos: law, rules. With this designation were pooled knowledge medical, psychological, technical, physiological, industrial and military, aimed at the study of man in his work environment. Definition of Industrial ergonomics in particular, ergonomics is a scientific discipline or human factors, multidisciplinary engineering, system-centric person machine, aimed at the adaptation of the environment or working conditions to the person in order to achieve the best possible harmony between the optimal conditions of comfort and production efficiency. Objectives of Industrial ergonomics the previous definition, points out the Basic object of ergonomics: the adaptation of objects, media work and environment produced by human beings to the person in order to achieve harmonization between the functional effectiveness and human well-being (health, safety, satisfaction). Basic principles of Industrial ergonomics 1.-the machine is conceived as an element in the service of the person, likely to be modified and perfected. 2. The person forms the basis of calculation of human-machine system and depending on this machine must be designed to enable him to perform any physical, sensory or psychological fatigue-free work.
The following points were among the General objectives of the ergonomics: reduction of occupational injuries and illnesses. lower costs by inability of the workers. increase in production. improvement of the quality of the work. reduction of absenteeism. application of the existing rules. decrease in the loss of raw materials.
The methods by which the objectives are obtained are: assessment of the risks at the workplace. identification and quantification of risk in the workplace conditions. recommendation of administrative and engineering controls to reduce the identified risk conditions. education for supervisors and workers about the risk conditions. For the achievement of the goals of ergonomics is needed, in addition to engineering, the competition of other sciences or biological techniques (medicine of work, Industrial Psychology, Anthropometry, Physiology, biomechanics, occupational health, ecology, economy) that enable the multidisciplinary treatment of the problem. Original author and source of the article