Marine Power Plants

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The main means of increasing capacity and efficiency of marine diesel power plant is turbocharged. Submission of the additional amount of air cylinders and, correspondingly, increase supply Fuel duty cycle, resulting in an increase in power a diesel power plant. Pressure diesel exhaust is 1.5-2 times higher than that of a gasoline engine that allows you to turbocharger provide boost and avoid inherent in gasoline engines with turbo failure – 'turboyamy'. In many diesel engines installed cooler nadduvaemogo air. These structural measures help to raise mass filling the cylinders and much, sometimes several times, to increase capacity.

Turbocharging improves combustion and reduces the hardness of work and loss of power. However, a diesel power plant with turbo has some disadvantages, mainly related to the reliability of the turbocharger. Resource turbo diesel engine is much smaller resource and usually does not exceed fifteen thousand hours. The turbine has high requirements for the quality of lubricating oil. Faulty turbine can totally disable the engine.

And his own life forced the engine slightly lower than the same air of diesel. The fuel system equipment Common-Rail – a modern solution to engine building. In each section a diesel engine high pressure pump pumps the fuel into the "separate" fuel line (going to a particular nozzle). The tubes are thick enough. In this case, when the high pressure 130-270 kg / cm on it "is run" portion of the fuel TTVD swells like boa, swallow prey. And once it goes into the fuel injector TTVD again compressed. This leads to the fact that after a specified portion fuel injector to necessarily "pumped" a tiny extra dose. This fuel, burning, increases fuel consumption, increases the opacity of the motor. Themselves as separate pipeline pulsation increased noise of the engine. C increasing the speed of rotation (rpm) modern automotive diesel engines (up to 4000-5000 r / min, (including marine diesel power plants) it has to deliver tangible inconvenience. A number of firms over time Engineers have found a solution to this problem for high-speed diesel engines. According to this scheme, fuel pump delivers fuel to the total pipeline – fuel rail, a kind of receiver. This middle tier is placed a constant volume of fuel which is under constant pressure – 1,300 bar. Nozzle opening is no longer fluid mechanics method (increase of pressure in the pipeline), and electronic – from a signal supplied to the solenoid injector. At its based computer assigns the right to operate the motor fuel and the time of its filing. Thus, the "snake" is not frantically pushes through the esophagus, "food", and operates in strict accordance with decisions taken by its computer. For marine diesel power unit – ignition engine fuel compression – it is very important, as the pressure in the combustion chamber increases more smoothly, without a "breakthrough." Therefore, ship diesel works less noisy. But most importantly – a system of Common-Rail eliminates injection into the combustion chamber "dosylnoy" portion of the fuel. Such designs of fuel injectors for engines made possible only in our time, this contributes to the development of electronics.

Knitting Machines

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It has long been trying to beautify your life, people have sought to use the simplest materials to a combination of simple forms and patterns with unpretentious, reaching a high level of skill. Knitting originally appeared a mere utilitarian necessity, later turned into an art form. Knits have always valued very highly. For example, in Europe, knitted stockings to wear at first only very wealthy people. Knits were a gift, even for kings! In the XIV century in England there were special knitting school, who took the poor girls to give them the opportunity to earn. Thanks to one of these girls on the light appeared knitting machines. Invented by Englishman William Lee, to facilitate the work of his beloved.

But the proud knitter and did not respond to him in return. William decided to try to earn at least – and introduced his car Queen Elizabeth. But the Queen has banned the invention, reasoning that competition with the machines will ruin the poor knitters. William Lee died in poverty, unable to benefit from his own invention. But times have changed.

In Today, this art continues to evolve, enriched by new motives, composition techniques, modern materials. Hand knitting is costly in time and considerable patience. Most of the women engaged in knitting, sooner or later begin to think about purchasing a knitting machine. Knitting machines now – no problem, unlike recently when it was a very large deficit. Modern Knitting machines provide a great opportunity to realize their creative potential. Thanks to its automatic functions and knitting machines can easily perform complex operations that hand knitting is very tedious. On knitting machines can connect everything from socks to coats and hats and sweaters, as well as manage the process of knitting through a personal computer. One of them is a knitter Silver Reed, which will help you earn money if you're going to knit things for sale or order. Also you can save money, obvyazyvaya things for his family. Everyone will be happy with new things with minimal effort.

Graphics Programs

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Do you think that can serve as a criterion in selecting software? Suppose you had to choose a program for a specific need. For example, take one of the most needed programs, which used every day, thousands and thousands of users for the Internet. I'm talking about Internet Explorer, or, in other words, the browser. Think of yourself when you were a newcomer to the Internet and viewed your first Web page … You just undecided browser, through which they viewed or set on your computer and have tried several browsers in their work? So, what is it all relates and to the fact that the choice of programs for some purpose it is necessary that many to choose from that was an alternative. Below is a list of the most interesting in my opinion programs in various categories: The Internet and the Web, Multimedia, Security, Graphics, Text, System, Rims and files. It is these categories of applications are in most cases, conventional polzovateli.Chtoby you can immediately see the program you cite references to separate application pages.

Using these links, you will appreciate the look and feel of the program on its screenshots and read a brief overview of a program. Favorite applications you can of course the same can skachat.Itak, a list of popular programs for Internet version of the portal and ZoneInternet SetiInternet ExplorerBrauzer, developed by programmers Microsoft. In Internet Explorer implements user-friendly interface that can be customized at will. In Internet Explorer are the so-called tabs (tab), there is support for CSS, and RSS-news feeds.

Internet Message Boards

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Message boards appeared long before the advent of computers and the Internet in general and in particular, were, by and large, virtually the only way to disseminate information. It is true that in ancient times, large democratic way that is not used, being exclusively in the hands of the authorities: in Babylon knocked laws on stone pillars, in medieval England, royal decrees were posted on church doors. But with the passage Time has changed. A large wooden board on which anyone could post your ad for all to see or to find a proposal for the soul – that is, that for a long time to understand a message board. Second, electronic, the birth of boards can be called a BBS ('Bulletin Board Systems' – an electronic bulletin board), let this reincarnation and sufficiently far from the classical features of its prototype.

Ads on the Internet – a site that allows anyone person to place an ad on their pages. Most popular board determined, in large part by availability and ease of use. On the big Internet message boards attendance reaches many thousands of people a day, added daily by thousands of ads. To organize huge amounts of ads, they are usually divided into sections by topic: 'Sport', 'Household appliances', 'Property', 'Tourism' and so on. All boards can be divided into two main categories: moderated and unmoderated. In the latter case the board operates fully automatically and the visitor need only fill in the required form as it appears in the ad site and other visitors will be able to study it.

Times New Roman

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Excellent shows and drawing melkodetalizirovannyh scenes on full high-definition signal. Above all praise and realistic colors. Picture juicy, natural colors, and there is a picture of the alyapistosti that frequent in the low-budget monitors. Signal of low quality BenQ G2220HDA little cleaning, but I must say that the possibility of monitor graphic chip is still strongly limited, and completely ruined the video, it is likely to show an "as is". Monitor uniquely kinoteatralen and can advise those who would like to watch a movie with high quality and in full high definition. Office-test As the test content, we used a test program Nokia Monitor Test, office applications, video and computer games. The first showed excellent brightness and contrast settings on the table brightness & contrast All gradient strips were clearly marked, the boundaries between the brightness gradients are marked clearly, from 10% brightness and up to 90%. Table kegl showed a clear image of the font Times New Roman down to 4 pin.

This is a very good indicator, since the font with serifs and a rather difficult to display. Since the test program, we actually went to office suites, more precisely on the most difficult to monitor every text editor Word. Here, too, as Nokia Monitor Test program, we have included Times New Roman font and in stages, starting with 2 pin and tried to print the text above. The result was almost the same as for the test program – for optimal performance of minimally small as comfortable with the font Times New Roman font is the fourth. The result definitely be commended Monitor BenQ G2220HDA. He proved himself an excellent and office worker and an avid kinoteatralom and avid gamer. The lack of DVI connectors, and HDMI, not much impact on the image, and the use of adapters removed many of the problems with konnektirovaniem. It should be noted that this product is probably the most low-end solution for anyone who wants to have a renderer resolution Full HD, today. Especially as the quality of matrix and CPU monitor perfectly complement the resolution of its display.


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To date, the construction industry, among many tools of construction equipment leading positions are occupied by hydraulic shovel '>'> hydraulic crawler excavators. According to statistics, over five years (2000-2005), in fifteen countries of Western Europe was sold about 17 thousand cars each year. During the Soviet excavators assembled at specialized plants. According to state standards, excavators were divided into six classes. Determinants of membership in the machine to a particular class, were as follows: bucket capacity, mass excavators, motor power. There have also been introduced numbering, defining the essential characteristics of the machine. In Depending on the type of navigation aids were divided into: 1 – excavator on tracks 2 – and excavator on tracks, but with a larger surface bearing 3 – pneumatic excavator to move 3 – excavator pneumatic motion; 5 – excavator on the chassis of a car, 6 – excavator on the chassis of the tractor-type, 7 – other types of chassis. According to the types of equipment installed on the excavator, in fact for distinguished: 1 – equipment for cable harness, 2 – Equipment for rigid (hydraulic) suspension of 3 – Equipment for the telescopic suspension.

After the release of GOST -30067-93 new documents are not followed, and the producers sometimes replaced numerical indices literal – ET-thrust, the EC is the mass excavator. To date, almost all enterprises become public companies. The main factories for the production of this type excavators are: Tver Excavator Plant, Highland, Donetsk, Kostroma, Voronezh plant, Uralvagonzavod, Ivanovo plant 'Kraneks.

Energy Audit: Key Aspects Types

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With the introduction of market relations in Russia was born on need and, as such services as third-party evaluation of the enterprise to identify opportunities to optimize activity. These estimates are produced in the economy and and environment and energy. Thus, we define the concept of 'energy audit'. The terms, key concepts and directions are indicated at the legislative level, in particular Article 10 of the Federal Law of April 3, 1996 28-FZ 'On Energy Savings ':' Energy surveys are conducted to assess the efficient use of energy resources and reduce costs for consumers in fuel and energy …'. In other words, an energy audit is a technical-economic survey of energy use within the organization to identify opportunities for cost reduction in consumable energy resources, as well as technological development, organizational and economic measures to help organizations save energy and material resources. The actual savings obtained in the process of identifying and eliminating energy loss, the use of more efficient schemes and processes, monitoring the effectiveness of energy use.

Thus, the energy audit has the following objectives: finding sources of energy loss, the establishment of measures to eliminate them, creating a system of energy saving and efficient consumption in the future. Depending on the amount of work carried out during the energy audit, allocate such of his species: 1. 'Quick energy audit' in result of which is assessment of the potential energy saving and energy saving recommendations, 2. 'Full primary energy audit' is carried out with a more detailed assessment of the potential energy savings, according to the results oprelelyaetsya program of energy conservation and energy Passport energy audit is more repetitive, pre-project, etc. So why is it important to do an energy audit? Statistics on this issue is this: when conducting energy audits of the primary developed program, which gives, as a rule, about 10% energy saving. In addition an energy audit seeks such goals as developing an independent assessment state energy, energy efficiency programs and to obtain lower costs for energy, improving energy security.

Proofreading Services

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New Page 1 Quite often the translation received requests to make edits to an already implemented by someone or transfer to assess the quality of the finished work. This kind of work is called "proofreading". Office Translation not particularly advertise this service. Although, given the increasingly popular means of machine translation, this direction seems very promising. Which may require verification of the translation? 1. The customer has already translated material, but for some reason wants to insure, for example, he was not sure of qualification of an interpreter.

So he wants an experienced graduate was conducted Expert analysis of the transfer to determine its quality. Or – is the desire to test the potential of the performer. And, perhaps, in the presence of a third party claim to the translated text of the same company – to determine the validity of such claims. 2. The customer wants to make adjustments to already existing text conversion. For example, there is a standard agreement of 10 pages, signed for delivery of goods with the French company X, which was translated version of which is available. Now you need to conclude (and translation) of exactly the same agreement, but with firm Y.

The difference in these two agreements (respectively, and transfers) will not be so essential to re-translate the entire document, paying the second time in the already performed work. What is the knowledge that is needed to place an order for proofreading? 1. To check the transfer rate of charging is the "price page transfer divided by 2. " For example, the cost of translation 5 pages will be equal to the cost of a 10-page text test. 2. Original text (from which the translation) can be written by hand, but a translation that should be check must be provided in an editable electronic format (PowerPoint, Word, Excel). Otherwise, the expert conducting the test, have an adjustable gain entirely new material, but it will be not just "check." Test Translation – this is a job where in comparison with the original text (the translation checked) does not vary more than 20-25% of the material. The fact that exceed these figures, it is considered a full translation and, accordingly charged. As the texts that have actually redraw, it is easier to transfer over. 3. If you want to see where and what changes were made rather to ask to check, using a mode of visual correction. Special challenges to the Executive that does not add or require any additional material costs, but made only upon request of the customer. 4. There is a transfer without checking the original (translated text deducted to avoid typos and errors, checking style, without checking with the source code) and with (singer compares the translation with the text of the original). 5. There are situations: a person brings a couple of pages Russian text and a dozen English. The problem – in this ten page somewhere just a translation provided by two, to find and verify. You can do it, but it will not check a couple of pages, and ten, as they all need read for the isolation of those who will meet the required two. In order to save time and money, provide better and original translation, corresponding to each other. 6. If you need documentation examination of his examination, it should be established in order to transfer work.

Classified Ads

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Reliable information, when the first bulletin board on the Internet – not, however, with very high probability we can assume that the light she saw at the dawn of the World Wide Web. Now there large number of similar online resources. The popularity of message boards is in its simplicity of use, accessibility and effectiveness. Each day adds thousands of new announcements and to users were more convenient to place and view ads, they are divided into groups, such as services, dating, work. All boards can be classified according to several criteria: – moderated / not moderated – paid / free.

In the case of not moderated boards, ads do not pass moderation, ie, manual check, they will appear on the site in just a few seconds after placement. But the biggest drawback of such boards is the lack of control fed ad that leads to a rapid cluttering the Internet resource. With moderation, your ad appears on the site only after a while, but it is a reasonable fee for the procedure and quality sorting by category. The very process of placing ads, often quite simple. You need only fill in some fields, which may include: name, telephone number and, of course, the text of the ad. Free and paid classifieds differ in that the latter charge for placing ads on the resource. Recently, the increasing popularity began to use message boards, which accompanied by a paper-based newspapers. Thus, by filing a notice in a newspaper – it is duplicated and the Internet resource. Easy to use, the huge number of ads that simply will not fit on the printed page, and the relevance of ads – that's what makes a message board chief aide in selling or buying a car, or looking for work personnel, rent or sell housing.

Internet Network

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Website development is a problem that many people face often enough in my life. Whom to trust a website and promote it on the Internet? How to make your site worthy of the position occupied in search engines and do not fall in the rankings? Many people believe that web design is a fairly easy process that can be completed in a few hours and will show the face of the company, and most importantly, creates a distinctive feature and will take a worthy position in the Internet. This is of course not! A good website does not create a day, a few days. As for the promotion of the Internet, this process takes from three to eight months and depends on several factors: the remoteness of the domain name, site content, quality promotion. We must not forget that the layout of the site only takes two to five days, not to mention the design of the site, filling his text information. Most companies that offer to create a website, and especially to promote a site per night, cheats, which is not worth dealing with. Some of these companies offer cheap websites that are written by ready-made templates, which the weight of the network and these sites will never be unique. Most of the templates that are represented in the network, second-class templates and do not represent the uniqueness and individuality.

The only templates that can be found on the internet with a good design is paid templates. But the charge pattern can also be found in other individuals engaged in purchasing patterns. From the foregoing it follows that, if really want to have a quality site that you will not find anywhere else in the network, you'll need to order a site from the creators of the site. You can not worry about what this site is already in the network. Of course we're talking about founder, who said of himself, made a name and have a large portfolio of their work. If we talk about how you can promote a site, we can say that the promotion of high-quality site in the unit involved people to achieve good results quickly and offer a guarantee on their work. If you really want to create a quality site and properly promote a site-please refer to the masters of his craft, and they will not take wait!

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