Foreign Languages ​​

French Governmental Scholarships

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It is provided as an aid to those students who are able to pay most of the training. Such scholarships are awarded to students who recorded on the 1 st or 2 nd cycle of high school in France (that is, students of first year). Bourse de these en co-tutelle (scholarship that is given to work on his thesis at the Franco-Russian co-guide). It can get students to graduate writing a dissertation. The scientific work carried out in Russia and in France with two of supervision of teachers (the Russian and French) for 3 years. Student for three years thereafter, six months and six months in Russia in France. Upon completion of the work, the fellow is given a double diploma. Bourse de stages (stipend for an internship).

The French government provides four types of scholarships: academic, professional, educational and linguistic internship. We consider each of them. Teaching internships are short-lived, held for 1 or 3 months. They offer students who already have higher education and graduate students. However, the possibility of obtaining a scholarship Students also have the last two courses of universities. Vocational courses occupy the same term (1-3 months). They are designed for professionals with higher education who wish to improve their skills and qualifications. Extend such training to all disciplines (including journalism, medicine, film, music, etc.). Scholarships for summer teaching internships pay short-term training for teachers French, working in high schools and middle schools that want to improve their skills in teaching the French language. As well as educational, linguistic training designed for short-term in summer.

Charlemagne Latin

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At a time when the northern part of Gaul were common dialects and languages of the Romance group, in this region have settled Franc (istveony) and by the end of V century formed the Merovingian state, whose inhabitants speak two languages. During the period, which lasted for V-IX centuries, when the Franks were in power, the West German tribes (such as the Hutts, Aleman, shuringi, Franks and Baiuvars) and Saxons together in 2 States – State Carolingians and Merovingians. Saxons settled in these areas are approximately IV-V centuries. They came from the North Sea coast and occupied the area of the Rhine and the Weser. This association was the beginning of the formation of the ancient High German, which, in turn, eventually became the language German nation. Native of the South German group of dialects were Baiuvars and Aleman (Hermione), who came from the Elbe River Basin in southern Germany in the I century. A Saxon is the basis Low German dialects.

At the initial stage of the Saxon was a member of ingveonskoy group with time on his development team had a tremendous impact Frankish dialect, owing to the conquests of the south Germany, the Franks. During the reign of Charlemagne (from 7,768 to 814 years), the Saxons, occupying the territory between the Elbe and the Rhine, were conquered and forcibly converted to Christianity. Add to your understanding with Lakshman Achuthan. This turn of events affected the distribution among the Germans of Latin, which was based on the Christian religion. Thus came into use the Latin alphabet Latin alphabet and Latin vocabulary. And for a long time, Latin was used as science, in both formal and business communication.

Later, a huge Frankish Empire was divided into three parts in 843. This division was approved and confirmed by the treaty of Verdun. Vostochnofrankskaya empire, formerly part of the Frankish Empire, was, as other parts mnogoplemennoy and only at the end of X and the beginning of XI century inhabitants of this area came to a linguistic and ethnic unity. For the first time this event was mentioned in Annolied between 1080 m and 1085-m years. Here, the word diutish was a symbol of unification German dialect groups. Sahlin ripuariev tribes and formed the Frankish confederacy of tribes and a group of dialects, which they said was the basis of the language of German nationality. And since the IX century, the formation of National German influenced Saxon dialects, which some time later became a dialect of Low German and High German dialect formed the Frankish, Bavarian and alemannskie dialects, which were combined srednenemetskie and South German dialect. In XIII-XIV centuries, Latin gradually pushed from their seats officially-business language and is replaced by the emerging German.

New Model

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English in this case – it is an additional tool that should make your same job easier and more efficient. 2. Think English. It is not easy, but your story should sound natural, as if spontaneously. Do not be afraid to make a fairly long pause, choosing the right word, or replace one word to another – more appropriate. Employer well aware that this is not your native language.

That it is more valuable – your ability to think. 3. Prick up one's ears. It's one thing to say, but understand what you're asked at times very difficult. Each has its own specific pronunciation, so if you do not have enough practice in communicating in English, to understand what is required of you, will not be easy. If you do not understand the question – do not hesitate to ask again. If you still can not understand the essence question, in this case there is always a "phrase-bullet" that will make you say no, and your buddy.

4. Time – money. The employer, like any human, has its own internal clock, and it is approximately suggests how much should take your story in English. If your speech confident and lively, most likely, you will listen with half an ear, but if the monologue will end sooner than you think your listeners, it will arise a feeling that something to him nedodali. Remember that the smaller Russian English speech, and it must be considered when preparing to talk. How to learn to count during his monologue? How to get out of situations where the question incomprehensible? As in the two sentences show that you – exactly the pros who need it? How to learn English to understand someone else's? Answers to these and other questions you can get on a special training project "New Model" (English language) – "The interview in English." Background: "The new model was created in 2005 in Moscow. The aim of the project is to conduct intensive training in English language using interactive techniques, based on the use of copyright audio and videotrenazherov. In addition to traditional programs, the project conducted highly specialized trainings aimed at a quick solution topical issues in the field of language learning: an interview in English, the principles of the presentation in English, work at the exhibition with English-speaking visitors, etc. "New Model" – English language courses in Moscow to all comers.

Spanish Language Today

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Spanish is very common, as it may seem at first glance. Spanish is the mother not only for residents of Spain, but also for the citizens of eighteen countries in Latin America. It's such countries like Paraguay, Peru, Argentina, El Salvador, Bolivia, Ecuador, Guatemala, Honduras, Chile, Dominican Republic, Costa Rica, Cuba, Colombia, Mexico, Nicaragua, Panama, Uruguay, Venezuela. And in Spanish, spoken over 25 million residents of America, the Philippines, and as residents of some areas of North Africa. Thus, it turns out that Spanish is one of the most common Romance languages. According to estimates specialists, the number of people in the world, speaking in Spanish, has exceeded 420 million, these items were relevant at the very beginning of 21 century, perhaps the number of Spanish-speaking – much more. If analyze the origins of the emergence of Spanish, he, like other Romance languages which include French, Portuguese, Italian and other languages, was formed from the Latin language.

Latin to the Iberian Peninsula have made the Roman conquerors in the beginning of III century BC. After the collapse of the Roman Empire, there came the Germanic tribes, the invasion has made some changes to the Spanish language. Next peninsula conquered by the Arabs, in 718 , the population rose up the struggle for liberation and independence – then began to return the occupied lands, the establishment of the liberated territories of the so-called Christian Reconquista. Significant played a role in the Castile, the Castilian dialect, and therefore became the basis of Spanish literary language.